Vaccines protect your child from serious and deadly diseases. Protection from some vaccinations wears off over time so to be fully protected, your child will need a booster shot. Vaccinating your child before they are exposed to serious and life-threatening diseases is the best way to protect them.
Talk to your healthcare provider to ensure you and your child are up-to-date on all their vaccinations. For more information, click here.
Parents, did you know that adults need vaccines too?
Click here for more information on adult vaccines.
Which Vaccines Do Adolescents Need?
|When your child is:||The vaccines they need are*:|
|11-12 years old||
|16 years old||
*Other vaccines may be needed if a child is catching-up on missed vaccines. For more information, click here.
|New Jersey School Immunization Requirements|
|In New Jersey, students who are at least 11 years of age at the sixth grade or higher level are required to receive one dose of Tdap and meningococcal vaccine for school attendance. For more information about NJ’s school immunization requirements, please click here.|
Tdap vaccine protects your child against three diseases: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough).
- TETANUS (tet-a-nus), also known as lockjaw, causes painful muscle tightening and stiffness, which can make it difficult for your child when opening their mouth, swallowing, or breathing. Tetanus can result in death. For more information, click here.
- DIPHTHERIA (dif-THEER-ee-a) causes a thick coating to form in the back of your child’s throat. It can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure, and even death. For more information, click here.
- PERTUSSIS (per-TUS-iss), also known as whooping cough, causes your child to have severe coughing spells which can lead to vomiting, broken ribs, difficulty breathing, and disturbed sleep. Your child can miss weeks of school and other activities. Pertussis can be life threatening for babies and elders whom your child could unintentionally infect. For more information, click here.
My child received the pertussis vaccine when they were younger, so why is Tdap vaccine needed now?
Your child probably received DTaP vaccine when they were younger, but the protection from that vaccination is wearing off. The Tdap vaccine is a booster shot that helps protect your preteen and teen from the same diseases that DTaP vaccine protects the little kids from when they were younger. For more information, click here.
Why is Tdap vaccine especially important for adolescents?
Whooping cough has been on the rise in preteens and teens. The best way to protect your child is to vaccinate them when they are 11 or 12 years old.
- In 2016, about 9 out of 10 New Jersey youths surveyed received one Tdap vaccine.
- The goal is to have at least 8 out of 10 New Jersey youths vaccinated with Tdap vaccine by 2020.
Is Tdap vaccine safe?
Tdap vaccine is very safe. Side effects may include pain, redness, and swelling at the injection site, fever, headache, nausea, and upset stomach. Serious side effects are rare.
(Courtesy of Shot by Shot) – Debbie Jo’s Story
HPV vaccine protects your child from human papillomavirus (HPV), a group of viruses that commonly affects both boys and girls. Most of the time, the body can fight off HPV, but sometimes HPV causes serious infection. Certain types of HPV cause cancers, while other types cause genital warts.
Each year, about 39,800 new cases of cancer are found in parts of the body where human papillomavirus (HPV) is often found. HPV causes about 31,500 of these cancers. The virus is spread during any type of sexual contact. HPV can be spread even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms. It’s possible to get more than one type of HPV. There is no test to find out a person’s “HPV status.” Also, there is no approved HPV test to find HPV in the mouth or throat. For more information, click here.
Why is HPV vaccine especially important for adolescents?
Receiving the HPV vaccine by 11 or 12 years old provides optimal immune response to protect against HPV-related cancers. About 14 million people, most commonly among teens and people in their early 20s, become infected with HPV each year. The best way to protect your child is to vaccinate them when they are 11-12 years old. They will need two or three doses of the vaccine depending on their age and health conditions. Preteens who are 11 or 12 years old should get two shots of HPV vaccine. Adolescents who have certain health conditions or who start the vaccine series at 15 years of age or older will need three doses. Your child should be completely vaccinated before they are exposed to the virus. For more information, click here.
- Every 20 minutes, 1 person in the US gets a cancer caused by HPV.
- The goal is to have at least 8 out of 10 New Jersey youths vaccinated with all recommended* doses of HPV vaccine by 2020.
New Jersey Girls
- In 2016, about 7 out of 10 New Jersey girls surveyed received 1 dose of HPV.
- In 2016, about 5 out of 10 New Jersey girls surveyed received all recommended* doses of HPV.
- The goal is to have at least 8 out of 10, New Jersey girls vaccinated with all recommended* doses of HPV vaccine by 2020.
New Jersey Boys
- In 2016, about 5 out of 10 of New Jersey boys surveyed received 1 doses of HPV.
- In 2016, about 3 out of 10 of New Jersey boys surveyed received all recommended* doses of HPV.
- The goal is to have at least 8 out of 10, New Jersey boys vaccinated with all recommended* doses of HPV vaccine by 2020.
*The CDC and ACIP recommendation regarding the recommended number of doses was updated on October 19, 2016. For more information, click here.
Is HPV vaccine safe?
HPV vaccine is very safe. Side effects may include pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site, fever, and headache. Severe side effects are rare.
(Courtesy of PKids.org)
(Courtesy of Centers for Disease Control & Prevention)
Meningococcal vaccines protect your child from meningococcal disease, a serious bacterial infection that can become deadly in 48 hours or less. The disease may result in inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (Meningococcal meningitis) and/or a serious blood infection (Meningococcal septicemia). Even with treatment, 10-15% of people die. Others may have long-term complications such as brain damage, learning problems, skin scarring, hearing loss, and loss of arms and/or legs. For more information, click here.
The bacteria are spread from person-to-person through the exchange of saliva (spit), coughs, and sneezes. The bacteria are not as contagious as the common cold or flu and does not spread by casual contact or breathing the air where a person who is sick has been. Your child must be in direct (close) contact with an infected person’s secretions to be exposed.
Examples of close contact include:
- Sharing anything that comes into contact with the mouth (drinking glasses, smoking materials, eating utensils, cosmetics, or lip balm)
- Living in the same house
- Sleeping in the same residence (sleepovers)
About 1 out of 10 people carry meningococcal bacteria in their nose and throat, but don’t get sick. These people are known as carriers. Although carriers do not have any signs or symptoms, they can still spread the bacteria and make others get sick. For more information, click here.
Why is meningococcal conjugate vaccine especially important for adolescents?
Meningococcal disease can be devastating and can often unexpectedly strike otherwise healthy people. Teens are at higher risk of getting meningococcal disease. The best way to protect your child is to vaccinate them when they are 11-12 years old and get the booster dose when they are 16 years old.
Meningococcal conjugate vaccine protects against four of the five types of bacteria (A, C, W, Y) that cause almost all cases of meningococcal disease worldwide.
There is also a different vaccine to prevent against meningococcal type B disease. To learn more, click here.
- In 2016, about 9 out of 10 New Jersey youths surveyed have received the first dose of meningococcal vaccine.
- In 2016, about 4 out of 10 17-year-olds surveyed in the US received the second dose (booster dose) of meningococcal vaccine.
- By 2020, the goal is to have at least 8 out of 10 New Jersey youths vaccinated with the meningococcal booster dose by the age of 17.
Is meningococcal conjugate vaccine safe?
The meningococcal conjugate vaccine is very safe. Side effects may include redness and pain at the injection site. Severe side effects are rare.
(Courtesy of Voices of Meningitis) – Barbara’s Story
Influenza or “flu” is a highly contagious (easily spread) respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs. Your child can get the flu from an infected person when they cough, sneeze, talk, or by touching a surface that has the flu virus on it and then touching their eyes, nose, or mouth. Infected people can spread the flu a day before they feel sick and for about a week after symptoms begin. As many as 35.6 million people get sick with the flu each year.
- body aches
- sore throat
Unlike many other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, the flu can cause severe illness and life-threatening complications in many people. Young children, pregnant women, people with certain health conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease), and people 65 and older are at increased risk. Each year, more than 700,000 hospitalizations and as many as 56,000 deaths occur in the U.S. from flu-related complications.
Why is flu vaccine especially important for adolescents?
The seasonal flu vaccine protects your child from influenza viruses that will be most common during the flu season. The flu can be very serious, even for healthy youth, and especially for youth with certain health conditions like asthma or diabetes. By getting your child vaccinated, they can stop the spread of flu to others around them.
If your child gets the flu, they could miss one to two weeks of school and activities. Some children have painful complications like sinus infections, ear infections, or pneumonia. Protection from last year’s flu vaccine wears off and the flu vaccine changes each flu season so to be fully protected you need the latest version.
- During the 2016-2017 flu season, about 5 out of 10 New Jersey youths surveyed received the flu vaccine.
- The goal is to have at least 7 out of 10, New Jersey youths vaccinated with flu vaccine each year by 2020.
Is the flu vaccine safe?
The flu vaccine is very safe. The most common side effects are mild such as soreness or redness at the injection site, headaches, and muscle aches.
(Courtesy of Families Fighting Flu) – Brittney Peter’s story
The Flu Vaccine Finder locates flu vaccine clinics near you. Simply enter your zip code or city and state to find mapped locations of flu vaccine clinics:
There are now vaccines to help prevent meningococcal disease caused by type B. MenB vaccine is recommended for people 10 and older who are at increased risk. It may be given to people 16 through 23 years old (preferably at 16 through 18 years old) in addition to the routinely administered meningococcal conjugate vaccine, to help provide broader protection. Ask your healthcare provider if your child should receive this vaccine.
If your child is traveling to another country for vacation, study abroad, or other reasons, check CDC Travelers’ Health to see if your child needs additional vaccines to keep them healthy before they leave. Talk to your health care provider to ensure your child is up-to-date.
Click here to see if your child has received all recommended vaccines. Talk to your health care provider to ensure your child is up-to-date.
Want to learn more about the vaccines your child needs? Check out these trusted sites:
New Jersey Immunization Information System (NJIIS)
NJIIS is a free, confidential, population-based online system that collects and consolidates vaccination data for New Jersey’s children and adults. The system maintains immunization data on New Jersey residents, and can help healthcare providers determine if a person has received all of the recommended vaccines. Ask your doctor about enrolling in NJIIS. Click here for more information.
Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program
Families who need help paying for vaccines should ask their healthcare provider about Vaccines for Children (VFC). The VFC program provides vaccines to uninsured and underinsured children younger than 19 years old. Parents may have to pay administration and office visit fees. Click here for more information.
- New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) Vaccine Preventable Disease Program
- NJDOH School Immunization Requirements
- CDC Vaccines Recommended at ages 11-12
- CDC Vaccines Recommended at ages 13-18
- Immunization Action Coalition (IAC)*
- Children’s Hospital Of Philadelphia (CHOP)*
- Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases (PKIDs)*
- Voices for Vaccines*
- Vaccinate Your Family*
- CDC Tdap Vaccine for Preteens & Teens
- CDC Pertussis Fact Sheet for Parents
- CDC Tetanus
- CDC Diphtheria
- NJDOH Meningococcal Disease Information
- CDC: Meningococcal Vaccination for Preteens & Teens
- IAC Meningococcal: Q&A*
- Voices of Meningitis*
- NJDOH HPV: Information for Parents
- NJDOH HPV Vaccine for Boys & Young Men
- CDC HPV Vaccine for Preteens & Teens
Mobile Apps & Podcasts
*The link to this website is intended to provide additional information pertaining to immunizations strictly for informational or educational purposes. The New Jersey Department of Health is not responsible for the content of this website and does not endorse private organizations.